rise / raise: what’s the difference?

Raise vs. Rise

Both words mean ‘to move upwards’, but they are not interchangeable. ‘Rise’ is what we call an intransitive verb and ‘raise’ is a transitive verb.

To explain:

Intransitive verbs, like rise, do not require an object. For example:

The sun rises every morning.

She rose from her nap around 2 o’clock.

Transitive verbs, like raise, do require an object. For example:

I raised my hand to answer the question.

He raised the girl up onto his shoulders.

Note also that ‘raise’ is a regular verb: raise, raised, raised, whereas ‘rise’ is an irregular verb: rise, rose, risen.

But really most of the time it’s going to be a lot simpler to just remember which words and phrases go with ‘rise’ and which words and phrases go with ‘raise’. Here are some common uses of each:

Common Uses of Raise

  1. To elevate: She raised the bar in the competition.
  2. To lift something: Please raise your hand.
  3. To set upright by building: They raised the statue in her honor.
  4. To bring to maturity: She raised him all by herself.
  5. To increase: He raised his bet by five dollars.

Common Uses of Rise

  1. To move into an upright position from lying, kneeling or sitting: Please rise for the Lord’s Prayer.
  2. To move upward without assistance: He likes to rise with the sun.
  3. To return from death: Michael Jackson rose from the dead in his video “Thriller”.

The correct use of ‘rise’ is particularly important for Business English as it is used to describe movement on a line chart, see:

  1. Air pollution has risen above an acceptable level.
  2. Unemployment has risen by 25,000 this month.
  3. Gas rose in price.
  4. State benefits will rise in line with inflation.
  5. Inflation rose from 2% to 5% last year.

Here’s a pdf taken from Merriam-Webster with more usages and examples: raise-rise 

You could also try a google search on collocations with rise / collocations with raise.

This post has been adapted from http://robin.hubpages.com/hub/Grammar_Mishaps__Raise_vs_Rise

About Robert D. E. Senior

Fully qualified and experienced Professional English teacher / trainer UK native speaker BA (hons, first class) Linguistics and TEFL 15 years experience in UK, Spain and Austria FCE - CAE - CPE - BEC V - BEC H - TOEFL - IELTS Business, Academic and General English
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1 Response to rise / raise: what’s the difference?

  1. Pingback: Presentations: Sales Revenue 2013 | robertdesenior

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